Cyclone Domoina tore through Northern KwaZulu-Natal in 1984. The subject field is required. In 1999, IAHS, UNESCO and WMO agreed that the time was right to bring the Catalogue up to date, it being noted that Rodier & Roche considered an interval of 20 years to be appropriate for a future edition. Floods in the country destroyed over 50 small dams and left widespread crop damage just before the summer harvest. High flows often result in inundation as flat channel gradients mean that the transition beyond bank- full is rapid (PBA 2007). [21] Officials later purchased a new dredge to remove sediment from Lake St. Lucia, and the canal connecting the lake to the Umfolozi River was later finished. Please enter your name. Note: COMPILED BY: D.B. [1] That day, it organized enough to warrant a satellite-based Dvorak rating of T2.5, prompting the Réunion Meteorological Service to name it Domoina. About Tutorial Glossary Documents Images Maps Google Earth ... the major tropical cyclones that struck Mozambique between 1984 and 2000 (Domoina, Filao, Eline and Hudah). oa Civil Engineer in South Africa - The Mfolozi flood of 31 January 1984 : Cyclone Domoina . Dept. Directorate of Hydrology) ; TR 142. [D B Du Plessis; South Africa. A locked padlock) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Oxfam, Ministry of Internal Trade, Mozambique: seeds and agricultural handtools for flood victims following cyclone Domoina, 1984 File MS. Oxfam PRF MOZ 021 = Box 2497 Anonymous, | 1984. That same year the cyclone Domoina passed the area and demolished it all. Your Web browser is not enabled for JavaScript. [2] On January 25, MFR estimated that Domonia attained peak 10 minute sustained winds of 95 km/h (60 mph) near Europa Island; this made it a severe tropical storm. | Floods ravage sugar areas / Umfolozi reels under impact of ‘Cyclone Demoina’ / Ministers see vast toll of flood damage / Flood causes ruin and big cane losses / Pongola - a scene of [11] The floods closed at least 20 major roads[7] and the country's primary airport. [24], Following the storm in South Africa, workers restored the original course of the Umfolozi River after it had moved. Heavy rain on Feb. 14, 1984, resulted in a rapidly rising Susquehanna River and evacuations. heavy rainfall in South Africa and the only cyclone-centre to penetrate the country was that of Domoina. | [FLOO] Anonymous, | 1984. UDOT Photographic Services Director, Gerald E. Peterson, took hundreds of photographs of the Thistle area from April 1983 to May 1984. Two days later, the JTWC estimated peak 10 minute winds of 100 km/h (65 mph). You may have already requested this item. Department of Water Affairs.\" ; Export to EndNote / Reference Manager(non-Latin). Please choose whether or not you want other users to be able to see on your profile that this library is a favorite of yours. [1] The rains led to rivers bursting their banks, which isolated tens of thousands of people. Real dusk would not arrive for many hours; but the flood of summer light had begun to ebb, the air had grown mellow, the shadows were long upon the smooth, dense turf. Department of Water Affairs. [22] The South African Weather Bureau considered Domoina as the "first tropical cyclone in recent history to have caused flooding and extensive damage. The government later authorized $85 million to fund repairing damaged rails and roads. [17] About 10,000 citrus trees were destroyed, and crop damage was estimated at $2.5 million. On January 28, the storm made landfall in southern Mozambique, and slowly weakened over land. [4] On January 19, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC)[nb 3] began warning on Domoina, designating it Tropical Cyclone 14S. JOHANNESBURG, South Africa -- Cyclone Domoina hammered Swaziland, the northeast corner of South Africa, and southern Mozambique with gale force winds and torrential rains, killing at … [10] Domoina was the third storm to strike the country in a six-week period, after cyclones Andry and Caboto. Farm lands and roads were destroyed – 1984. At the lake, the floods washed away a dredge and severely damaged a nearly-finished canal from the lake to the Umfolozi River. The Lutheran World Federation donated $20,000 in cash, along with generators and blankets, while World Vision International sent $10,000 in cash. There had been a planned release of water from the Pongolapoort Dam in March 1984 to provide adequate water to the floodplain, but Domoina prevented this from occurring. With a ridge to the north, the storm tracked generally westward and later southwestward. The program was originally released in June 1977, revised in August 1979, May 1983, February 1984, Flood Based Farming Practices in Ethiopia: Status and Potential. [13] Officials later advised residents along the Maputo River to evacuate to higher grounds,[14] and thousands had to leave their houses. Department of Water Affairs), http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/36388753>. [Z P Kovacs; South Africa. Tropical cyclone Domoina (1984) - MyFundi From myfundi .co .za - April 25, 2012 3:15 AM This article documents the events that took place on January 30 and 31, 1984, when a tropical cyclone - "Domoina" - tore through southern Mozambique, northeastern South Africa and Swaziland, leaving a trail of destruction in its wake. In the period from 1970 to 2012, storms and floods caused over one million deaths. [20] Workers also quickly restored the downed power lines. Floods are among Earth's most common–and most destructive–natural hazards. The channel and its regulation works were finished in 1984. The heavy rainfall saw some of the rivers in Swaziland rise 30 m (98 ft) in a few hours! heavy rainfall in South Africa and the only cyclone-centre to penetrate the country was that of Domoina. The floods closed at least 20 major roads and the country’s primary airport and most schools nationwide. [9] The river flooding moved sediment along many banks, and in one location the sediment reached 10 km (6.2 mi) in length. [6] The same day, MFR again upgraded Domoina into a moderate tropical storm. Flood plains are often attractive areas for human development and a vast share of the world’s population depends, whether directly or indirectly, on a number of key natural resources that are generally provided by floodplains. of Water Affairs, Directorate of Hydrology\" ; Technical report \/ Dept. There were 242 deaths in southeastern Africa. 48/52 Bible, Swarthmore College, McCabe Library, BS75 1200z, fols. Precipitation spread as far south as Durban,[9] but did not penetrate far into the center of the country. "[1] Nationwide, the storm caused 60 deaths and damaged the properties of 500,000 people,[11] causing R100 million (1984 ZAR, $70 million 1984 USD). Within a week, workers reopened most major roads to travel, and by February 24, most roads were reopened. The South African Red Cross provided food to storm victims, many of whom were beneficiaries of the food program during the extended drought. Cyclone Domoina developed on 16 January 1984 along the northeastern coast of Mozambique and struck the African continent on 27 January. The E-mail Address(es) field is required. [13] The storm left the capital Maputo without clean water for several days after a pumping station was damaged,[8][13] and the main harbor in the city was closed. The great flood is one of the topics under investigation. Anonymous, | 1984. In the latter city, a station recorded winds of 100 km/h (62 mph). 1984 saw 2 tempests hit South Africa. The map below shows the paths of four of the major tropical cyclones that struck Mozambique between 1984 and 2000 (Domoina, Filao, Eline and Hudah). At the moment, there are two predominant theories about the Biblical story of Noah's Ark and the great flood. All rights reserved. On January 21, Domoina struck eastern Madagascar, the third storm in six weeks to … With a ridge to the north, the storm tracked generally westward and later southwestward. Documentation of the March-May 1981 floods in the South Eastern Cape. | Floods aftermath: warning of more damage to canefields if Umfolozi floods, Natal Farmer, May 1984, p. 4. [12] The floods were so strong that they washed a boat from Lake St. Lucia to a point 16 km (9.9 mi) away. WorldCat is the world's largest library catalog, helping you find library materials online. The United Nations Department of Humanitarian Affairs provided $20,000. Catagorised as a "Severe Tropical Storm", Cyclone Domoina wrought havoc from Mozambique to Swaziland with winds up to 100km/h and driving rains that caused record floods and the most rain in a … Heavy rains have fallen over the past few days in Kuwait, resulting in flooded roads, schools, homes, and hospitals. You may send this item to up to five recipients. December 1983 and January 1984 brought unusually cold weather to Lemhi County and the town of Salmon, Idaho where the Salmon and Lemhi rivers meet. Social protection and flood precautions Flood mitigation and preparedness TEXT BOXES 6.1 Floods in China 1998 6.2 ‘Small’ floods: a hidden problem 6.3 Bangladesh – reducing vulnerability to floods is not the same as stopping floods 6.4 Flooding and deforestation: the causation controversy 7 COASTAL STORMS Introduction The fourth named storm of the season, Domoina developed on January 16 off the northeast coast of Madagascar. [15] Also in the city, the storm downed hundreds of trees, wrecked roofs, and damaged houses;[11] about 10,000 people were left homeless nationwide. Floods also cause food prices to spike, depending on how fast the flood waters recede. The river avulsed, or changed its course, near where it met with the Msunduzi River. For several days, southeastern Swaziland was only accessible by air travel, while rural parts of the country lost access to fresh water. [11] There was widespread crop damage in Mozambique, affecting 350,000 farmers,[17] and flooding about 250,000 ha (620,000 acres) of fields. They lengthened slowly, however, and the scene expressed that sense of leisure still to come which is perhaps the chief source of one’s enjoyment of such a scene at such an hour. [D B Du Plessis; South Africa. [12] Described as the worst flooding in over 20 years,[15] the precipitation increased levels along most rivers in the country, some of which rose 30 m (98 ft) in a few hours. [8] In the months before Domoina struck, dry conditions persisted across southeastern Africa. The storm moved south and for the following five days torrential rain fell over Mozambique, northern KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga and Swaziland, reaching as far south as Durban. [16] The storm damaged 28 pumping stations nationwide and destroyed over 50 small dams. [12], Along the Umfolozi River, a discharge rate of 16,000 m³/s (565,000 ft³/s) was recorded, which was three times the rate of a 100 year flood. Tropical Storm Domoina Explained Severe Tropical Storm Domoina in 1984 caused 100 year floods in South Africa and record rainfall in Swaziland. The storm's high winds knocked down trees and power lines, leaving power outages. Department of Water Affairs.\n, # Technical report \/ Dept. [9], Near the South Africa border with Swaziland, flooding stranded about 80,000 people on tribal lands. 116 1982 Domoina passed the area and demolished it all \/\/id.loc.gov\/authorities\/subjects\/sh85049168 > ; http: >! Locked padlock ) or https: // means you ’ ve safely connected to the country was that of –... Common–And most destructive–natural hazards occurred along the Umfolozi River west-northwest, passing Durban... Channel gradients mean that the transition beyond bank- full is rapid ( 2007. 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